Arabian Leopard

A commitment to safeguarding
the critically endangered species.

Amr AlMadani
Amr AlMadani,
Chief Executive Officer
Royal Commission for AlUla
The Arabian Leopard is a powerful symbol of our aim to conserve and safeguard AlUla’s natural environment through far-reaching conservation efforts designed to protect the natural flora and fauna of this incredible part of north-west Arabia.

Arabian Leopard



A reflection of our ambitions to reintroduce the animal to the wild

As part of our Comprehensive Regeneration of AlUla

To conserve a species in danger

We are committed to protecting the Arabian Leopard as part of a comprehensive regeneration programme to establish AlUla as the world’s largest living museum.

Classified as ‘Critically Endangered’ by the IUCN, it is estimated that fewer than 200 Arabian Leopards are left in the wild. RCU’s work has inspired the creation of the Arabian Leopard Programme and the Arabian Leopard Fund, important initiatives that are helping RCU prepare for the reintroduction of the species to AlUla.

Natural Heritage

A safe haven for the Arabian Leopard

AlUla is home to five nature reserves covering 12,500km2. The Nakhlah, Zabin and Uwayrid reserves are potential future habitats for Arabian Leopards.

RCU’s Plant Nursery is rewilding nature reserves with native plants to restore balance to the environment and provide food for herbivores, the leopard’s main prey. Earlier this year 162 animals, including Arabian oryx, sand gazelles and Nubian ibex, were released into reserves in AlUla.


The Arabian Leopard

The history of the Arabian Leopard

Emerging from Africa around 500,000 years ago, the Arabian Leopard is one of the most important species of mammal native to the Arabian Peninsula.

Its territory once ranged from the Mediterranean to the Arabian Gulf – from Mount Sinai and the Negev Desert in the north, to the Haraz, Dhofar and Al Hajar Mountains in the south. Its image has been discovered in cave art in Shuwaymis, south-east of AlUla, with the animal recognisable by its long tail, flat facial profile and stalking pose.

A New Hope for the Future

Arabian Leopard cub

RCU’s goal to safeguard the future of the Arabian Leopard can only be realised through the reintroduction of the species into its native habitat. A symbol of hope, RCU’s Breeding Centre in Taif, Saudi Arabia, welcomed a new Arabian Leopard cub, born on April 23, 2021.

Staff at the centre will monitor the cub’s progress as part of efforts to increase and maintain leopard numbers. Cubs born in captivity are a vital step towards Arabian Leopards one day returning to the wildness of AlUla.



10th February

A special day

From Social Media to skyscrapers

A New Hope

for an endangered species

Inspiration For

Conservation & Restoration


Hope for future generations


A sign of hope, our newest spirited Arabian Leopard cub was born on April 23 2021, at RCU's breeding centre in Taif, Saudi Arabia. This birth sparks hope for future generations, shedding light on how captive breeding programmes conserve the majestic species when loss of habitat has vastly reduced their numbers in the wild.


A 7KM Walk

In Collaboration

With International Experts


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